Cerebral Palsy is a group of movement disorders that usually take shape into early age and affect movement and muscle tone or posture. “Cerebral” means having to do with the brain and “Palsy” means weakness or problems with using the muscle.
Because of damage to certain parts of the brain, voluntary or involuntary movements or both can be affected. People with cerebral palsy tend to have a normal lifespan, and in many cases, a good quality of life can be expected.
Types of Cerebral Palsy:
- Spastic Cerebral Palsy: Children suffering with spastic cerebral palsy struggle to control their movements, eating and speaking ability.
It is divided into 3 categories:
- Spastic hemiplegia– It affects the leg, arm, and hand on one side of the body.
- Spastic diplegia– It involves muscle rigidity, primarily in the legs.
- Spastic quadriplegia– Most severe type of cerebral palsy. Spastic quadriplegia occurs when there are significant brain malfunctions.
- Dyskinetic Cerebral Palsy: Dyskinetic cerebral palsy is also known as Athetoid cerebral palsy. The Dyskinetic CP child have problems with walking, sitting, maintaining posture, and speaking clearly because the tongue and vocal cords are hard to control. Some children even have problems in controlling facial muscles.
- Ataxic Cerebral Palsy: Children with ataxic Cerebral Palsy have problems with balance and coordination. They might be unsteady when they walk. Most children with ataxic cerebral palsy have normal intelligence and good communication skills, but some may have erratic speech.